Adaptation of rice cultivation to climate and socio-economic changes in the Ifugao Region (Philippines)/Adaptación del cultivo de arroz a los cambios climáticos y socioeconómicos en la región de Ifugao (Filipinas) | Hermesse | Monteverdia

Adaptation of rice cultivation to climate and socio-economic changes in the Ifugao Region (Philippines)/Adaptación del cultivo de arroz a los cambios climáticos y socioeconómicos en la región de Ifugao (Filipinas)

Julie Hermesse

Resumen


Based on ethnographical studies undertaken among Ifugao people in the Philippines, this paper aims at contributing to produce knowledge about the construction of rice agricultural practices forced to adapt to socio-economic and climate change. However, six years after having classified the site as a patrimony of humanity, UNESCO, announced its concern for these rice terraces by including them on the list of world heritage sites in danger. Indeed, the Batad rice terraces are showing signs of deterioration. The destruction of rice terraces and the fragile ecosystem they rely on, would generate a disaster, not in terms of loss of human life, but in agricultural and cultural terms. The object of this article is to analyze the forms and limits of adaptation of the region’s rice cultivation combined with the changing local ecological conditions and a changing socio-economic environment.

Basado en estudios etnográficos realizados entre personas de Ifugao en las Filipinas, este artículo tiene como objetivo contribuir a producir conocimiento sobre la construcción de prácticas agrícolas de arroz obligadas a adaptarse al cambio socioeconómico y climático. Sin embargo, seis años después de haber clasificado el sitio como patrimonio de la humanidad, la UNESCO anunció su preocupación por estas terrazas de arroz al incluirlas en la lista de sitios del patrimonio mundial en peligro. De hecho, las terrazas de arroz de Batad muestran signos de deterioro. La destrucción de las terrazas de arroz y el frágil ecosistema del que dependen generaría un desastre, no en términos de pérdida de vidas humanas, sino en términos agrícolas y culturales. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las formas y los límites de adaptación del cultivo de arroz de la región combinado con las cambiantes condiciones ecológicas locales y un entorno socioeconómico cambiante.


Palabras clave


Adaptation; socio-economic change; climate change; rice; Ifugao; adaptación; cambio socio-económico; cambio climático; arroz; Ifugao

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Referencias


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